2021 - 2023
In Europe, the need to make infrastructure more sustainable for biodiversity while ensuring their reliability and efficiency is urgent.
Indeed, Europe needs to adapt its existing infrastructure to new climatic conditions (floods, droughts …), as well as find innovative and sustainable solutions to reduce the impact of invasive species and address the decline of native species and ecosystem fragmentation. Simultaneously, the sharp rise in the development of new transport infrastructure, especially in Eastern Europe, must support economic development while paying particular attention to the local biodiversity, which is often endemic.
Faced with these needs, for the first time the European Union funds a 3 million euros Coordination and Support Action project on the topic of transport and biodiversity issues. As part of the last calls under H2020, the BISON project is timely to set the ground and upscale research on these topics in the next European research framework programme 2021-2027 (HORIZON EUROPE).
Following the IENE2022 Congress in Cluj : Experts propose solutions for sustainable European transport by mainstreaming biodiversity
Characterization of emissions from the FLUvial sector, study of secondary pollutants
national project (ADEME)
The aim is to characterize pollutant emissions (regulated and non-regulated) from the exhaust of a commercial barge. The formation of secondary organic aerosols will also be studied using a mobile atmospheric simulation chamber installed on the boat. Studies of primary and secondary pollutants will be carried out for a conventional fuel (RNG) as well as for two alternative fuels of interest (B100 and GTL).
CAracterization and comparison of brake and exhaust pollutant emissions from buses under operating conditions
national project (ADEME)
partners CRMT and TELMA
The aim of this project is to characterize the particulate matter produced by braking on a EURO VI school bus, in particular by quantifying the benefits of using the TELMA braking system, which reduces the need for friction braking. Ultrafine particles, VOCs and metals will be quantified. Comparisons will also be made with exhaust pollutants.
Sustainable management partnership in right-of-ways of linear transport infrastructures
2021 - 2024
The aim of the project is to develop models of sustainable partnerships between LTI operators and local stakeholders for profitable management of right-of-ways for biodiversity. The 4 main types of LTI are concerned: waterways, power lines, railways and roads/motorways. The method is based on the one hand on feedback from management partnerships set up spontaneously and with their own means by local stakeholders, and on the other hand within the framework of financially supported experimental projects.
Eight sites will be studied from the point of view of the conditions for the emergence of partnerships, the rules established between partners, the conditions and results obtained on the ecological, socio-economic and technical levels.