2021 - 2027
In Europe, the need to make infrastructure more sustainable for biodiversity while ensuring their reliability and efficiency is urgent.
Indeed, Europe needs to adapt its existing infrastructure to new climatic conditions (floods, droughts …), as well as find innovative and sustainable solutions to reduce the impact of invasive species and address the decline of native species and ecosystem fragmentation. Simultaneously, the sharp rise in the development of new transport infrastructure, especially in Eastern Europe, must support economic development while paying particular attention to the local biodiversity, which is often endemic.
Faced with these needs, for the first time the European Union funds a 3 million euros Coordination and Support Action project on the topic of transport and biodiversity issues. As part of the last calls under H2020, the BISON project is timely to set the ground and upscale research on these topics in the next European research framework programme 2021-2027 (HORIZON EUROPE).
Autonomous shuttle experiment
The ENA (autonomous shuttle experiment) project managed by university aims to perform experiments based on autonomous vehicles, which can be marketed by 2022, in addition to existing public transport networks. It is part of the ADEME EVRA call for projects (Experimentation for Autonomous Road Vehicle). ENA brings together three territories on which experiments will be launched: in Nantes (connection to the airport), in Brenne (opening up in rural areas), Sophia-Antipolis (serving an activity area). The project will identify needs to implement autonomous shuttles, then will perform experiments and collect feedback to improve this type of mobility.
The DSR wishes to assess more precisely the risk linked to overloading of light commercial vehicles (LCVs) in terms of braking distance in particular. This project involving Cerema (Lyon Laboratory Department) and IFSTTAR (EASE laboratory) aims to assess the variations in braking distances induced by overloads under different conditions: dry or wet road, speeds varying from 50 to 120 km / h, load distribution and overload rate. To reach this goal, two additional steps are proposed. The first is based on the modeling of a LCV and numerical simulations (with PROSPER vehicle dynamics software). The second consists in the instrumentation of a light commercial vehicle and the carrying out of tests on the reference test track at university in Nantes. These tests will validate the results obtained by numerical simulations.
New POLlutant EMIssions from modern Euro 6 CarS: atmospheric transformations and implications for urban air quality and health
Polemics project proposes to investigate nature, fate and impacts of Euro 6 emissions, both in the laboratory and in the real world. Car exhaust will be measured at the tailpipe and after processing in static and dynamic atmosphere simulation reactors. Primary emissions and oxidation products will be analyzed. Their contribution to secondary particle formation will be investigated. The obtained kinetic and product information will be used for enhanced air quality modelling, both on the process and on the urban scale. The genotoxic potential of primary and secondary particles will be assessed using standard in vitro assays.
Emissions of pollutants from light vehicles Euro 6 according to the 3 fuels: petrol, diesel and natural gas
EM6.3 aims to compare three Euro 6 engines (diesel, petrol and natural gas) in terms of regulated and unregulated pollutants, measured on the WLTC cycle and road journeys for different vehicles, cars and light commercial vehicles / LCV up to at 3.5t
Modelization/characterization of precursor and secondary aerosol from road traffic – Euro6 vehicles
Maestro-EU6 is the continuation of the Maestro project. It pursues the objective to enrich knowledge on the emission factors of regulated and non-regulated compounds and on the evolution of pollutants through atmospheric physico-chemical and photochemical processes, but focuses on Euro 6 passenger cars with different post-treatment technologies.
Determination of Semi-Volatile Organic compounds emissions by volatility classes. Impact on air quality modelling
The EVORA project aims to quantify emissions of the semi-volatile organic compounds (COSV) that could be used by Chemistry-Transport models. The impact of these compounds on air quality will be evaluated by the CHIMERE model
The I-Street project managed by Eiffage and involving olikrom, Total and Ifsttar is part of a systemic approach: six technological bricks will be developed, covering all the axes of the ADEME “Road to the Future” call for projects, from the development of a greener, smart and connected road to prefabricated / demountable roads and innovative and safer road marking. EASE laboratory is involved in 4 modules: Globe, Sushis, CUD, Coated for the Future
* Globe, which aims to create a logistics sector for bitumen granules, from the production refinery to the site of use;
* Enrobé du futur which aims to develop an optimazed pavement surface regarding skid resistance, noise, rooling resistance and pollution control;
* CUD which consists in developing a modular urban road, made up of precast concrete elements that are easy to handle;
* SUSHIS which includes the development of photoluminescent horizontal signs, which will enhance user safety in degraded weather conditions and allow energy savings on urban sites.
Modelization/characterization of precursor and secondary aerosol from road traffic
The MAESTRO project aims to improve knowledge on emissions of VOCs, SVOCs and particles from passenger cars. This project aims also to investigate the particle ageing and secondary particles formation under atmospheric conditions. These experimental results allow developing the ageing parameters for air quality models.